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How use of learning management system mediates the relationships between learner interactions and learner outcomes

Jamie Costley (Laboratory for Curriculum Design, Higher School of Economics, Tikhonov Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics, National Research University, Moscow, Russia)
Ashleigh Southam (Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia)
Daniel Bailey (Department of English Language and Culture, Konkuk University – Glocal Campus, Chungju, Republic of Korea)
Shaibou Abbdoulai Haji (Department of Curriculum and Evaluation, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Article publication date: 3 June 2021

Issue publication date: 11 May 2022

395

Abstract

Purpose

Online learning and the use of technology-based learning management systems (LMS) are on the rise in higher education. The purpose of this study is to explore how the frequent use of these LMS mediates the relationship between three types of learner interactions and student outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

This was an exploratory study using surveys that collected information on students’ use of LMS, their interactions and student outcomes. The participants of this study consisted of 362 undergraduate students from a South Korean University who were taking online classes as part of their degree.

Findings

The findings support existing research that increased learner interactions have positive effects on learning outcomes. However, some of the positive effects were reduced when considering the effect of higher levels of LMS use. In particular, learner-to-learner interactions.

Research limitations/implications

This information will enable educators to identify, measure and evaluate their online courses and consider how to integrate LMS use effectively. Results imply that focus may need to be on how learner to learner interactions can be best supported through the application of LMS.

Practical implications

This information will enable educators to identify, measure and evaluate their online courses and consider how to integrate LMS use effectively.

Social implications

Learner-to-learner interaction through social networking platforms may be more beneficial in socially constructing knowledge than formalizing interaction through LMS.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the field of online learning by suggesting that the importance of some types of learner interactions may be overestimated in relation to the importance of LMS use.

Keywords

Citation

Costley, J., Southam, A., Bailey, D. and Haji, S.A. (2022), "How use of learning management system mediates the relationships between learner interactions and learner outcomes", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 184-201. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITSE-12-2020-0236

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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