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Synchronous online flip learning with formative gamification quiz: instruction during COVID-19

Zamzami Zainuddin (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi Nasional, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia)
Ratna Farida (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi Nasional, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia)
Cut Muftia Keumala (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Lhokseumawe, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia)
Rudi Kurniawan (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi Nasional, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia)
Hadi Iskandar (Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Article publication date: 2 September 2021

Issue publication date: 11 May 2022




This study aims to present research evidence on the relevance of online gamification flip learning as a pedagogical instruction in promoting learning engagement when college students are impacted by the coronavirus pandemic. In this study, a gamified formative assessment was used to examine learner engagement and to evaluate the effectiveness of gamification within a synchronous online flipped instruction.


A multiphase mixed methods research design was used for this study. The evaluation relied on triangulated evidence gathered through questionnaire surveys and semi-structured interviews administered at an Indonesian college setting.


Based on the findings, gamified learning and formative assessments that adopt online flipped approaches have shown a positive bearing on learner engagement, despite the challenges learners face while harrowing through times of calamity. The results of this study provide prima facie support for the claim that the use of interactive gamified e-quizzes proves to be an innovative means of stimulating student engagement during the online class.


The results further suggest that a learning framework that incorporates both online flipped and gamification techniques provide the stimulus that is likely to forge an emotional connection that can inspire learner engagement, much needed when learners rally through calamitous events. This study has established evidential links between gamification and flipped classroom instructional delivery, particularly for online class settings. It is well-anticipated that gamification flip learning can continue to be implemented either in online, blended or face-to-face class instruction and particularly after the time of the pandemic.



The authors received no financial support the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


Zainuddin, Z., Farida, R., Keumala, C.M., Kurniawan, R. and Iskandar, H. (2022), "Synchronous online flip learning with formative gamification quiz: instruction during COVID-19", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 236-259.



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