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CNN-BERT for measuring agreement between argument in online discussion

William Harly (Computer Science Department, BINUS Graduate Program – Master of Computer Science, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia)
Abba Suganda Girsang (Computer Science Department, BINUS Graduate Program – Master of Computer Science, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia)

International Journal of Web Information Systems

ISSN: 1744-0084

Article publication date: 26 August 2022

Issue publication date: 12 December 2022

38

Abstract

Purpose

With the rise of online discussion and argument mining, methods that are able to analyze arguments become increasingly important. A recent study proposed the usage of agreement between arguments to represent both stance polarity and intensity, two important aspects in analyzing arguments. However, this study primarily focused on finetuning bidirectional encoder representations from transformer (BERT) model. The purpose of this paper is to propose convolutional neural network (CNN)-BERT architecture to improve the previous method.

Design/methodology/approach

The used CNN-BERT architecture in this paper directly uses the generated hidden representation from BERT. This allows for better use of the pretrained BERT model and makes finetuning the pretrained BERT model optional. The authors then compared the CNN-BERT architecture with the method proposed in the previous study (BERT and Siamese-BERT).

Findings

Experiment results demonstrate that the proposed CNN-BERT is able to achieve a 71.87% accuracy in measuring agreement between arguments. Compared to the previous study that achieve an accuracy of 68.58%, the CNN-BERT architecture was able to increase the accuracy by 3.29%. The CNN-BERT architecture is also able to achieve a similar result even without further pretraining the BERT model.

Originality/value

The principal originality of this paper is the proposition of using CNN-BERT to better use the pretrained BERT model for measuring agreement between arguments. The proposed method is able to improve performance and also able to achieve a similar result without further training the BERT model. This allows separation of the BERT model from the CNN classifier, which significantly reduces the model size and allows the usage of the same pretrained BERT model for other problems that also did not need to finetune their BERT model.

Keywords

Citation

Harly, W. and Girsang, A.S. (2022), "CNN-BERT for measuring agreement between argument in online discussion", International Journal of Web Information Systems, Vol. 18 No. 5/6, pp. 356-368. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWIS-12-2021-0141

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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