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Guidelines and deployment of accessibility-aware framework approach

Saqib Ali (Department of Information Systems, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman)
Taiseera AlBalushi (Department of Information Systems, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman)
Ali AlBadi (Department of Information Systems, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman)

International Journal of Web Information Systems

ISSN: 1744-0084

Article publication date: 19 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to facilitate the full potential of the web for the people with disabilities. People with disabilities may fail to make full use of the potentials offered by the web even if they have the right hardware (computer and assistive technologies) as well as access to the internet because of the lack of accessibility.

Design/methodology/approach

This research outlines the guidelines that provide the foundation for building an accessibility-aware framework approach, where people with disabilities can access most of the electronic contents based on their disability levels.

Findings

The framework helps web engineers in developing accessible web pages for all types of users. Disability profile examples (blindness, low vision, deafness and hard of hearing) were taken to determine the performance of the framework approach.

Research limitations/implications

The validation and testing was carried out on the Sultan Qaboos University website. The framework approach could be further validated by performing the tests on various other public and private websites.

Practical implications

The guidelines can be used as a road map to overcome accessibility challenges during any web application development life cycle. A proper testing and evaluation is carried out on the framework to test its usability.

Social implications

Although people with disabilities are perhaps the segment of society which are expected to gain the most from these technologies, they are facing barriers to access the contents of the web because of the way it is presented. This proposed framework could assist all the people with the disability of blindness and hearing impairment to have a better experience with the internet, making the technology more beneficial and usable to them. In the future, this approach can be extended for the people with other disabilities.

Originality/value

This research provides a pioneering concept for accessibility-aware framework approach. This approach could be utilized for developing accessible web applications and electronic services for people with disabilities. The proposed framework can be used as a road map to overcome accessibility challenges during any web application development life cycle.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The research leading to these results has received research project grant funding from the Research Council of the Sultanate of Oman Research Grant Agreement No [ORG SQU ICT 10 004]. The authors would like to thank TRC and SQU for all the administrative and financial support.

Citation

Ali, S., AlBalushi, T. and AlBadi, A. (2017), "Guidelines and deployment of accessibility-aware framework approach", International Journal of Web Information Systems, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 114-139. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWIS-08-2016-0043

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited