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Organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, developing scale with special reference to “inter-variable circular causality and religious (Islamic) discourse”

Shinaj Valangattil Shamsudheen (Putra Business School, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia)
Saiful Azhar Rosly (International Centre for Education in Islamic Finance, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

International Journal of Ethics and Systems

ISSN: 2514-9369

Article publication date: 23 March 2022

Issue publication date: 5 January 2023

299

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to seek to develop and validate the scale for organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, which addresses the issue of framing the dependent variable in a dichotomous way in organizational ethical decision-making (EDM) models and complementing the inter-variable circular causality model within the purview of Islamic banking with Quranic orientations.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopted both exploratory and confirmatory approaches. A total of 362 responses were collected from banking practitioners in the United Arab Emirates using a self-administered questionnaire. Content validity test (CVT) and factor analysis were used to refine measurement items and define as well as validate the scale, respectively. Further, the validated factors/scales were tested using the theoretical underpinning of the inter-variable circular causality model with Quranic orientations.

Findings

CVT refined the measurement items, and it enhanced the qualitative aspect of the proposed scale. Total three dimensions extracted, i.e. “awareness,” “attitude” and “standards” through exploratory factor analysis and evidence of validation of measurement scale/construct reported through confirmatory factor analysis. Further, a significant inter-variable circular causal relationship was found among the validated dimensions and analysed with an Islamic perspective.

Research limitations/implications

Study constraints the population into a single industry and a single country. Future studies are suggested to use the newly developed scale/construct in decision-making models and obtain the overall model fit by considering population from diversified organizations and multi countries.

Practical implications

Comprehensibility of organizational behaviour has always been critical for the efficient functioning of organizations, especially where the situation involves ethical concerns. The proposed scale can be used as a tool to assess the organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, particularly where the studies intended to examine the determinants of organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues through decision-making models.

Originality/value

While there is ample literature attempted to examine the organizational EDM, particularly on evaluating determinants of EDM, the majority of the studies have failed to frame the dependent variable of the EDM models adopted for the study in such a manner that is in line with the objective of the study. Although some of the literature suggest the theoretical aspects to address this issue, to date, no work has been done that attempted to develop and validate the scale for the theoretical aspects recommended and confirm with the inter-variable circular causality model. These serve as justification for undertaking this study.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Islamic banking practitioners in the United Arab Emirates who devoted their valuable time for responding to the survey questionnaire of this study.

Citation

Shamsudheen, S.V. and Rosly, S.A. (2023), "Organizational decision-making behaviour related to ethical issues, developing scale with special reference to “inter-variable circular causality and religious (Islamic) discourse”", International Journal of Ethics and Systems, Vol. 39 No. 1, pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOES-05-2021-0105

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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