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Discretionary impacts of the risk management committee attributes on firm performance: do board size matter?

Sitara Karim (Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham - Malaysia, Semenyih, Malaysia)
Samuel A. Vigne (LUISS Business School, LUISS University, Rome, Italy)
Brian M. Lucey (Trinity Business School, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland) (University of Economics Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam) (Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang, China) (Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
Muhammad Abubakr Naeem (United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates) (South Ural State University, Lenin Prospect, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 29 November 2022




While there is an increased demand from various corporate stakeholders on the need for public companies to have risk management frameworks as well as a stand-alone risk management committee to mitigate risks and simultaneously improve performance, this study investigates the effects of the risk management committee attributes on firm performance, and the role of board size is highlighted on this relationship in Malaysian listed companies.


Both accounting- and market-based performance measures have been used for measuring performance. A dynamic model using the generalized method of moments (GMM) has been employed to control for potential endogeneity, simultaneity and unobserved heterogeneity.


The findings reveal that risk management committee attributes such as size, independence and meetings negatively affect book-based performance measures and positively affect market-based performance measures. Moreover, board size positively moderates the risk management committee attributes and performance relationship. The study embraces the predictions of agency theory and resource dependence theory.

Practical implications

The findings are practically significant for Bursa Malaysia, Securities Commission Malaysia to assess the compliance of the Corporate Governance Code (MCCG, 2017) and for academia to further explore significant relationships in other emerging economies.


The paper contributes to multiple aspects: first, it studies the impact of risk management committee attributes on firm performance; second, it investigates the moderating effect of board size on RMC–performance relationship; in the end, the study employs dynamic modeling for estimation process to avoid dynamic endogeneity considered a main econometric problem for CG–performance relationships.



Karim, S., Vigne, S.A., Lucey, B.M. and Naeem, M.A. (2022), "Discretionary impacts of the risk management committee attributes on firm performance: do board size matter?", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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