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Blockchain, logistics and omnichannel for last mile and performance

Alessandro Gaetano Naclerio (Sustainability Business Unit, Atlantia S.p.A., Rome, Italy)
Pietro De Giovanni (Department of Business and Management, X.ite Research Center, Luiss University, Rome, Italy)

The International Journal of Logistics Management

ISSN: 0957-4093

Article publication date: 15 February 2022

Issue publication date: 19 April 2022




This research investigates the effects that blockchain exerts on omnichannel solutions and logistics strategies with the aim of solving the last mile issues and improving performance.


Research hypotheses are developed according to the literature review and the related gaps. Then, the hypotheses are tested using structural equation modelling and adopting a partial least squares – path modelling technique on a dataset composed of 157 firms.


Blockchain technology alone is not an effective driver in solving last mile issues and improving performance. Rather, it exerts a positive contribution to both omnichannel and logistics. However, omnichannel is not effective in managing last mile problems and increasing performance without the support of other practices. Firms need to implement a strong logistics system to manage the last mile and get high performance, which can be then reinforced through blockchain and omnichannel solutions.


This research investigates the novel wave of research on blockchain and its impact on logistics management and omnichannel. It combines these ingredients to address the issues of last mile and improve the economic performance. The research provides an empirical verification of a new research stream that currently lacks empirical support.



The authors would like to thank the two anonymous Reviewers and the Editor for very helpful and fruitful comments.


Naclerio, A.G. and De Giovanni, P. (2022), "Blockchain, logistics and omnichannel for last mile and performance", The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 663-686.



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