The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for route selection in multimodal transportation which can reduce cost, lead time, risk and CO2 emission in multimodal transportation systems.
This research proposes the development of a framework for route selection in multimodal transportation that includes a six-phase framework to select an optimal multimodal transportation route. The first phase is to collect the data of each route and select the origin and destination. The second phase is to calculate time and cost of each route by using a multimodal transport cost-model. In the third phase, the CO2 emissions are calculated based upon the 2006 guidelines of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The fourth phase proposes an integrated quantitative risk assessment, analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and data envelopment analysis methodology to evaluate the multimodal transportation risk. The fifth phase is to prioritize criteria by using the AHP which can be used in the objective function. The final phase is to calculate the optimal route by using the zero-one goal programming.
The aims of the model are to minimize transportation costs, transportation time, risk and CO2 emission.
The approach has been tested on a realistic multimodal transportation service, originating from Bangkok in Thailand to a destination at Da Nang port in Vietnam. The results have shown that the approach can provide guidance in choosing the lowest cost route in accordance with other criteria, and to minimize the CO2 emission effectively.
The contribution of this research lies in the development of a new decision support approach that is flexible and applicable to logistics service providers, in selecting multimodal transportation route under the multi-criteria in term of cost, time, risk and importantly the environmental impact.
The authors are very grateful to The Royal Golden Jubilee PhD Program, Thailand Research Fund (TRF) for funding support for this research No. PHD/0002/2551 (Code: 1.I.KN/51/A.1). Thanks go to logistics service providers in Thailand and Vietnam for inquiries about information of transportation route and experts for risk assessment of each route. The authors are very appreciative to all of the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments.
Kengpol, A., Tuammee, S. and Tuominen, M. (2014), "The development of a framework for route selection in multimodal transportation", The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 581-610. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLM-05-2013-0064
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