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COVID-19 responses, human rights and the cultural context of Global South

Md. Kamal Uddin (Department of International Relations, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh)
Muhammad Tareq Chy (Department of International Relations, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh)
Helal Uddin Ahmmed (Department of International Relations, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh)

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare

ISSN: 2056-4902

Article publication date: 14 March 2022

Issue publication date: 11 August 2022

410

Abstract

Purpose

This paper focuses on COVID-19 and human rights in the Global South. Controlling COVID-19 has become very challenging to the courtiers in the Global South and the Global North. Various restrictive measures, mainly lockdown, home quarantine, travel restrictions and social distancing have been taken in both Global North and South to control COVID-19. However, the lower-middle and poor class people of the Global South have suffered from these restrictive measures. Thus, this paper aims to explore the human rights issues of the Global South during COVID-19.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is a qualitative research based on secondary materials. It includes relevant scholarly articles, news reports and various reports from different national and international organizations. It critically reviews the current literature related to the topic to develop a theoretical understanding of human rights and public health in general and human rights challenges in COVID-19 in the Global South in particular. Existing international human rights principles in the case of public health were reviewed and discussed to identify the links between human rights laws in public health perspectives. Contents analysis was carried out to identify the relevant themes on the issues of human rights in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Findings

This paper finds that universal guidelines to control COVID-19 challenged the human rights norms, which impacts the enjoyment of human rights in the Global South. The human rights of the people in the Global South were undermined in the response to the control of COVID-19.

Originality/value

This paper is a significant study on the issues of human rights in public health emergencies. It addresses how the human rights of the vulnerable people in the Global South are undermined in the global pandemic response, which can be useful for the countries in the Global South for ensuring better human rights-based responses in the future.

Keywords

Citation

Uddin, M.K., Chy, M.T. and Ahmmed, H.U. (2022), "COVID-19 responses, human rights and the cultural context of Global South", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 399-411. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-01-2022-0002

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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