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An empirical study on hospital selection in India

Manimay Ghosh (Department of Operations Management and Decision Sciences, Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar, India)

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance

ISSN: 0952-6862

Article publication date: 9 February 2015




The purpose of this paper is to understand the different factors patients consider in choosing a hospital in a major city in India, prior to admission.


A 20-item scale to identify various factors a patient considers in choosing a hospital was developed. A field survey was conducted on patients who were discharged in the recent past from a public or a private hospital. The data collected were analysed using multivariate techniques.


The data analysis highlighted several factors in the hospital choice selection process, namely quality of treatment, referral, transport convenience, cost, and safety and services.

Research limitations/implications

This research study was carried out in one of the four major metropolitan cities of India. Nonetheless, the study provides valuable insights into the hospital selection process in a developing country like India.

Practical implications

Hospital managers, in general, can use the study findings to improve the operating performance of their hospitals so that they are able to attract more patients in the future. Additionally, the information can be useful to the marketing managers for developing appropriate marketing strategies for their hospitals.


Majority of the empirical research on hospital choice process has been conducted in Europe and North America. Limited knowledge exists on the same in a developing nation like India. This research illustrates a comprehensive study to address that concern.



Ghosh, M. (2015), "An empirical study on hospital selection in India", International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 27-39.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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