This paper aims to identify and categorise the values expressed in women-led social entrepreneurship based on a typology of universal values. It explores the influence of gender and religious faith on the values that inspire social entrepreneurial organisations to engage in positive social change.
Inductive multiple case study research investigates the values manifest in five social entrepreneurial organisations founded and led by women in three Southeast Asian countries.
Organisations and their women-leaders express values related to benevolence, universalism, self-direction and security. Gender and religious faith are found to be mediators that influence approaches to social transformation.
Purposive sampling and interpretive research design favour rich description but limit the generalisability of the findings. Further enquiry is needed into the gender-values-religion nexus in social entrepreneurship.
Social entrepreneurship is shown to be a process embedded in and motivated by prosocial values of benevolence and social justice and other values of self-direction and security. Findings provide evidence for the critical but often overlooked influence of gender and religious faith on the values foundation of social entrepreneurship.
Social entrepreneurial organisations led by women contribute to positive social change through the values they incorporate and express.
Research on the link between gender, values and religious faith in social entrepreneurship is virtually non-existent.
Borquist, B.R. and de Bruin, A. (2019), "Values and women-led social entrepreneurship", International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 146-165. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJGE-08-2018-0093
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