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Mapping direct flood impacts from a 2020 extreme flood event in Central Vietnam using spatial analysis techniques

Chinh Luu (Faculty of Hydraulic Engineering, Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Quynh Duy Bui (Department of Geodesy, Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Jason von Meding (Florida Institute for Built Environment Resilience, University of Florida, Immokalee, Florida, USA)

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment

ISSN: 1759-5908

Article publication date: 12 November 2021

Issue publication date: 6 January 2023

180

Abstract

Purpose

In October 2020, Vietnam was repeatedly hit by large storms, including Linfa, Nangka, Saudel and Molave, causing heavy rains and whirlwinds in the Central provinces of Vietnam. The heavy rain led to severe flooding in many localities. The water levels on major rivers broke records of historical flood events in 1950, 1979, 1999, 2007, 2010 and 2016. In response, this paper aims to quantify the impacts of 2020 flooding to support flood risk management activities and the relief agencies that can use the analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

This study demonstrates an approach to quickly map flood impacts on population, schools, health-care facilities, agriculture, transportation and business facilities and assess flood risks using available data and spatial analysis techniques.

Findings

The results show that all districts of Quang Binh were affected by the event, in which 1,014 residential areas, 70 schools, 13 health-care facilities, 32,558 ha of agriculture lands, 402 km road length, 29 km railway, 35 bridges on roads and 239 business facilities were exposed within flooded areas.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited to direct or tangible impacts, including flooded residential areas, schools, health-care facilities, agriculture land categories, road networks and business facilities. Indirect or intangible impacts such as health, flood pollution and business disruption should be considered in further studies.

Practical implications

These detailed impact maps can support decision-makers and local authorities in implementing recovery activities, allocating relief and devoting human resources and developing flood risk management action plans and land-use planning in the future.

Social implications

This study investigates the context of flood impacts on population, schools, health-care facilities, agriculture, transportation and business facilities. Based on this research, decision-makers can better understand how to support affected communities and target the most at risk people with interventions.

Originality/value

This paper presents a framework to quantify the impacts of the 2020 extreme flood event using available data and spatial analysis techniques in support of flood risk management activities.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research is funded by Hanoi University of Civil Engineering (HUCE) under grant number 36‐2020/KHXD‐TĐ.

Citation

Luu, C., Bui, Q.D. and von Meding, J. (2023), "Mapping direct flood impacts from a 2020 extreme flood event in Central Vietnam using spatial analysis techniques", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 85-99. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-07-2021-0070

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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