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Somatotype identification of middle-aged women based on decision tree algorithm

Lanmin Wang (Xinjiang University, Urumqi, China)
Hongmin Wang (State Key Laboratory of Mathematical Engineering and Advanced Computing, Zhengzhou, China)
Huiyan Zhang (Xinjiang University, Urumqi, China)
Naiseman Akemujiang (Xinjiang University, Urumqi, China)
Aimin Xiao (Xinjiang University, Urumqi, China)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 1 December 2020

Issue publication date: 29 April 2021




Body type classification has a great influence on plate making and garment sizing system, and the accuracy of body type classification method will greatly affect the fit of garment production. The purpose of this paper is to use the decision tree algorithm to study body classification rules, develop a decision tree body recognition model and judge the body shape of middle-aged women in Xinjiang.


First, perform dimensionless processing on the collected data of 256 middle-aged women in Xinjiang, and the dimensionless data were used for K-means body clustering; Then, quantitatively analyze the effectiveness of different classification clusters based on the silhouette coefficients. Second, the decision tree algorithm is used to divide the classified sample data into a training set and a test set at a ratio of 70/30, and select the best node and the best branch based on the Gini coefficient to construct a classification tree. Last, the overall optimal decision tree is generated by means of hyperparameter pruning.


The body shape of middle-aged women in Xinjiang can be divided into three types: standard body, plump body and obese body. The decision tree model has an excellent effect on body classification of middle-aged women in Xinjiang (precision (macro), 95.46%; precision (micro), 95.95%; recall (macro), 95.46%; recall (micro), 95.95%; F1 (macro), 95.46%; F1 (micro), 95.95%).


For scientific research, this paper is conducive to increasing the regional body type theory and stimulating the establishment of a garment sizing subdivision system in Xinjiang. In terms of production practice, this paper not only establishes a model for judging the shape of middle-aged women in Xinjiang, but also provides reference data for intermediates of various sizes. In addition, to facilitate pattern-making and the establishment of a subdivision system for the size of middle-aged women's garments in Xinjiang, this paper provides the grading values of various body control parts of middle-aged women in Xinjiang.



Funding: This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (2017D01C060).Declaration of competing interest: All authors have no conflicts of interest.


Wang, L., Wang, H., Zhang, H., Akemujiang, N. and Xiao, A. (2021), "Somatotype identification of middle-aged women based on decision tree algorithm", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 402-420.



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