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Digitization of fabric comfort: a multidimensional evaluation strategy to human perceptions of sensorial, thermal and acoustic comfort in clothing

Xiaorui Hu (College of Design, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China)
Zihan Chen (College of Fashion Design, Jiaxing Nanhu University, Jiaxing, China) (Key Laboratory of Yarn Material Forming and Composite Processing Technology of Zhejiang Province, Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, China)
Fengxin Sun (Laboratory of Soft Fibrous Materials, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 19 October 2022

Issue publication date: 7 March 2023

166

Abstract

Purpose

Current measurement methods for fabric comfort attributes generally suffer from either complicated testing processes and intricate measuring equipment or partial evaluation objectives and thus are difficult for effectively evaluating multidimensional human perceptions towards the comprehensive comfort of fabrics. The purpose of this paper is to develop a facile test device, namely fabric comfort tester, to achieve a comprehensive evaluation of human sensations in terms of sensorial, thermal and acoustic comfort in clothing.

Design/methodology/approach

The prototype of the designed device was introduced, which enables a simultaneous test for multiple physical and mechanical properties of fabrics based on a force sensor and a set of infrared sensors via constructing multi-deformation states of the measured fabrics. Eleven measurement indices extracted from the measurement curves are defined and interpreted based on correlation analysis. A series of regression models are developed by relating the measurement indices with subjective evaluation results and validated by a set of independent samples.

Findings

Human perceptions of sensorial, thermal and acoustic comfort in clothing can be predicted by the measured physical indices and the designed test device with the developed regression models provides an alternative method to characterize the fabric comfort attributes effectively.

Originality/value

The work develops a novel device for objective evaluation of fabric comfort properties by a simultaneous test, integrating the mechanical measurement with thermal test and thereby filling the gap between the existing evaluation methods and practical requirements for the digitalization of fabric comfort in present textile and garment trade.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12272149; 11802104), the Social Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (20YSC002) and Open Program of the Key Laboratory of Yarn Materials Forming and Composite Processing Technology of Zhejiang Province (MTC2021-05).

Citation

Hu, X., Chen, Z. and Sun, F. (2023), "Digitization of fabric comfort: a multidimensional evaluation strategy to human perceptions of sensorial, thermal and acoustic comfort in clothing", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 35 No. 1, pp. 162-175. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-02-2022-0022

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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