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The buffering role of emotional intelligence in conflict transformation

Rahman Ullah (IAE Paris – Sorbonne Business School, University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, France)

International Journal of Conflict Management

ISSN: 1044-4068

Article publication date: 27 September 2021

Issue publication date: 15 March 2022

1041

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine how and when task and process conflicts relate to relationship conflict by detailing the mediating role of negative emotions and the moderating effect of emotional intelligence.

Design/methodology/approach

Survey data were collected from 462 employees working in different organizations in Pakistan.

Findings

The results revealed that individuals engaged in task and process conflicts are more likely to feel negative emotions toward others and consequently are more likely to engage in relationship conflict in the workplace. This mediated relationship of task and process conflicts with relationship conflict via negative emotions is lower when employees are more emotionally intelligent.

Practical implications

This study pinpointed a key mechanism, negative emotions, by which task and process conflicts lead to relationship conflict. Emotionally intelligent individuals are better at regulating their negative emotions; therefore, emotional intelligence training can be an effective tool for minimizing employees’ negative emotions during task and process conflicts, which can help reduce relationship conflict.

Originality/value

By examining the mediating role of negative emotions and the moderating effect of emotional intelligence, this study adds to the previous research by detailing how and when task and process conflicts lead to relationship conflict.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank Professor Florent NOEL (IAE Paris – Sorbonne Business School) and anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments/suggestions that led to improvements to this manuscript.

Citation

Ullah, R. (2022), "The buffering role of emotional intelligence in conflict transformation", International Journal of Conflict Management, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 223-244. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCMA-03-2021-0050

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Rahman Ullah.

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