Simulation of the double emulsion formation through a hierarchical T-junction microchannel

Milad Azarmanesh (Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran)
Mousa Farhadi (Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran)
Pooya Azizian (Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 7 September 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a practical way to create three kinds of double emulsions such as double emulsion, double-component double emulsion and viscoelastic double emulsion.

Design/methodology/approach

A hierarchical T-junction microfluidic device is selected to simulate this phenomenon. A system of the three-phase flows consists of the inner, middle and outer phases were simulated by the direct numerical simulation (DNS) method. The dripping regime is considered for the droplet formation in both T-junctions. The adaptive mesh refinement technique is used to simulate the droplet formation and determine the interface rupture.

Findings

The one-step and two-step encapsulation are used to create the double emulsion and the viscoelastic double emulsion, respectively. In both T-junctions, droplets are created by the balance of three parameters which are instability, viscous drag and pressure buildup. The one-step formation of double emulsion is presented for encapsulates the viscoelastic fluid.

Originality/value

The simulated hierarchical microchannel shows some desirable features for creating the complex compounds. The encapsulation process is simulated in micro-scale that is useful for drug delivery applications.

Keywords

Citation

Azarmanesh, M., Farhadi, M. and Azizian, P. (2015), "Simulation of the double emulsion formation through a hierarchical T-junction microchannel", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 25 No. 7, pp. 1705-1717. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-09-2014-0294

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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