The purpose of this study is to provide a numerical investigation of Casson nanofluid along a vertical nonlinear stretching sheet with variable thermal conductivity and viscosity.
The boundary-layer equations are presented in the dimensionless form using proper non-similar transformations. The subsequent non-dimensional nonlinear partial differential equations are solved using the implicit finite difference technique. To linearize the nonlinear terms present in these equations, the quasilinearization technique is used.
The investigation showed graphically the temperature, velocity and nanoparticle volume fraction for particular included physical parameters. It is observed that the velocity profile decreases with an increase in the values of Casson fluid parameter while increases with an increase in the viscosity variation parameter. The temperature profile enhances for large values of velocity variation parameter and thermal conductivity parameter while it reduces for large values of thermal buoyancy parameter. Further, the Nusselt number and skin-friction coefficient are introduced which are helpful in determining the physical aspects of Casson nanofluid flow.
The immediate control of heat transfer in the industrial system is crucial because of increasing energy prices. Recently, nanotechnology is proposed to control the heat transfer phenomenon. Ongoing research in complex nanofluid has been fruitful in various applications such as solar thermal collectors, nuclear reactors, electronic equipment and diesel–electric conductor. A reasonable amount of nanoparticle when added to the base fluid in solar thermal collectors serves to deeper absorption of incident radiation, and hence it upgrades the efficiency of the solar thermal collectors.
The non-similar solution of Casson nanofluid due to a vertical nonlinear stretching sheet with variable viscosity and thermal conductivity is discussed in this work.
This work has been supported by SERB, DST, Government of India through research project (No. ECR/2016/000368).
We are extremely thankful to the editor and reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions.
Bisht, A. and Sharma, R. (2019), "Non-similar solution of Casson nanofluid with variable viscosity and variable thermal conductivity", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 22 No. 8, pp. 3919-3938. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-08-2019-0629Download as .RIS
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