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Nuclear coupled thermal hydraulic analysis of fast transient depressurization in supercritical channels

Goutam Dutta ( PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology Design and Manufacturing Jabalpur , Jabalpur, India)
Yashasvi Giridhar ( PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology Design and Manufacturing Jabalpur , Jabalpur, India)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 2 May 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

The objective of the present work is to simulate the nuclear coupled thermal–hydraulic fast transient case studies for a vertically up-flowing supercritical pressure water channel of circular cross section. The emphasis is on analyzing the phenomenon of the deterioration in heat transfer (DHT) inside the channel subjected to sharp pressure variations.

Design/methodology/approach

The thermal–hydraulic model, THRUST, is integrated with the neutron point kinetic (NPK) solver to account for the non-linear interactions between the thermal–hydraulic and neutronic temperature and density reactivity feedback effects. The model implemented and studied accounts for the time-dependent reactor power and is used to analyze various steady-state and flow-induced transient case studies (time-dependent and step change in exit pressure).

Findings

There is good agreement in the predicted behavior of the supercritical water pressure system with that of the available experimental data for the steady-state case. The event of DHT in the second transient case (step decrease in exit pressure) is found to be more severe than that of exponential pressure decrease.

Originality/value

This study evaluated a novel implementation of the thermal–hydraulic model, THRUST, integrated with NPKs applied to supercritical pressure water systems for predicting DHT.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge IIITDMJ for providing the computational facility to carry out the present research work. Further, the authors would like to thank the reviewers for their valuable insights and comments.

Citation

Dutta, G. and Giridhar, Y. (2017), "Nuclear coupled thermal hydraulic analysis of fast transient depressurization in supercritical channels", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 27 No. 5, pp. 1158-1171. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-03-2016-0121

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited