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Open education resources’ benefits and challenges in the academic world: a systematic review

Hafiz Muhammad Adil (Department of Library and Information Science, Government Associate College, Lahore, Pakistan and Institute of Information Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Shahbaz Ali (Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan and Institute of Information Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Mussarat Sultan (Higher Education Department, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan and Institute of Information Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Murtaza Ashiq (Library and Information Science, Islamabad Model College for Boys, Islamabad, Pakistan and Institute of Information Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Muhammad Rafiq (Institute of Information Management, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)

Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication

ISSN: 2514-9342

Article publication date: 28 July 2022

Issue publication date: 13 February 2024

697

Abstract

Purpose

Open educational resources (OERs) are internet-based digital content that is used for academic purposes by instructors, students and researchers in the era of the information economy. Hence, this study aims to systematically review the literature, focusing on OERs’ benefits and challenges in the academic world.

Design/methodology/approach

The relevant literature systematically reviewed following the preferred reporting items for systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The pertinent literature was obtained from four main scholarly databases, and finally, 21 papers that met the inclusion criteria were included in this study.

Findings

The findings revealed that the key benefits of OERs include expanded access to knowledge, supporting lifelong learning, pedagogical benefits and enhancing students’ learning outcomes. However, the key challenges include lack of time to find appropriate resources, lack of awareness about the usage and copyrights, quality assurance and technological limitations and lack of organizational support.

Practical implications

The practical and policy implications highlight the joint venture of academia and library professionals to help the students evaluating OERs, quality assurance, copyright issues and lifelong learning.

Originality/value

Earlier studies missed few significant insights of OERs, such as they did not address the quality assurance of OERs; the issue of understanding of copy right (creative common license) challenges related with OERs; and lack of time for finding suitable resources. Hence, this study identified significance insights related with OERs.

Keywords

Citation

Adil, H.M., Ali, S., Sultan, M., Ashiq, M. and Rafiq, M. (2024), "Open education resources’ benefits and challenges in the academic world: a systematic review", Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, Vol. 73 No. 3, pp. 274-291. https://doi.org/10.1108/GKMC-02-2022-0049

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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