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AI adoption in the hiring process – important criteria and extent of AI adoption

Prachi Bhatt (Professor, at OB & HRM Area, FORE School of Management, New Delhi, India)

Foresight

ISSN: 1463-6689

Article publication date: 15 March 2022

Issue publication date: 16 March 2023

3941

Abstract

Purpose

In the context of new workplace environment, this study aims to study and generate insights about artificial intelligence (AI) adoption in hiring process of firms. It is very relevant when AI is dramatically reshaping hiring function in the changing scenario.

Design/methodology/approach

The objectives are achieved with the help of three studies involving Delphi method to explore the criteria for AI adoption decision. Followed by two multi criteria decision-making techniques, i.e. analytic hierarchy process to identify weights of the criteria and fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution to assess the extent of AI adoption in hiring.

Findings

The findings reveal that information security and return on investment are considered two very important criteria by human resources managers while contemplating the adoption of AI in hiring process. It was found that AI adoption will be suitable at the sourcing and initial screening stages of hiring. And the suitability of the hiring stage where AI can be applied has been found to have changed from before and after the onset of COVID-19 pandemic situation. The findings and its discussion assist and enhance better decisions about AI adoption in hiring processes of firms amid changing scenario – external and internal to a firm.

Research limitations/implications

Findings also highlight research implications for future research studies in this emerging area.

Practical implications

Results act as a starting point for other human resources managers, who are still pondering over the idea of adopting AI in hiring in future.

Originality/value

This paper through a systematic approach contributes by identifying important evaluation criteria influencing AI adoption in firms and extent of its application in the stages of hiring. It makes a substantial contribution to the under-developed yet emerging paradigm of AI based hiring in practice and research.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author is thankful to the reviewers for their inputs. Also, the author gratefully acknowledges the infrastructural support provided by FORE School of Management, New Delhi towards the preparation of this research work.

Citation

Bhatt, P. (2023), "AI adoption in the hiring process – important criteria and extent of AI adoption", Foresight, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 144-163. https://doi.org/10.1108/FS-07-2021-0144

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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