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A framework to implement augmented reality based on BIM to improve operation and maintenance of mechanical facilities of commercial complexes

Omid Alijani Mamaghani (Department of Facilities Management, Pars University of Architecture and Art, Tehran, Iran)
Esmatullah Noorzai (Department of Project and Construction Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)

Facilities

ISSN: 0263-2772

Article publication date: 10 January 2023

Issue publication date: 16 February 2023

381

Abstract

Purpose

The mechanical facilities of large-scale buildings have many complexities, so facility management (FM) encounters a massive amount of information during the operation, and inspection is not implemented efficiently. This study aims to integrate building information modeling (BIM), augmented reality (AR) and sensors to mitigate the operation and maintenance (O&M) problems of mechanical facilities by establishing intelligent management.

Design/methodology/approach

The component-level data of an under-construction commercial complex were implemented in a 3D model in Autodesk Revit and Navisworks. Then, sensors were installed in mechanical facilities to provide vital online information for the model. Moreover, Unity was used on Vuforia for the AR visualization of the devices.

Findings

It was found that FM not only could obtain building information but can also visualize the functioning of mechanical facilities online through a 3D model in BIM. Thus, in the case of a failure, the AR platform is used on tablets, smartphones and smart glasses to show the technician how mechanical facilities can be repaired and maintained.

Originality/value

Previous studies focused on some factors and processes to improve mechanical FM and did not cover the entire aspect. However, this method reduces the average maintenance time, extends the lives of mechanical devices and prevents unpredicted failures.

Keywords

Citation

Alijani Mamaghani, O. and Noorzai, E. (2023), "A framework to implement augmented reality based on BIM to improve operation and maintenance of mechanical facilities of commercial complexes", Facilities, Vol. 41 No. 3/4, pp. 229-247. https://doi.org/10.1108/F-04-2022-0064

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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