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A fuzzy-logic model for benchmarking concrete roof maintenance

Sanduni Peiris (Department of Building Economics, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Nayanthara De Silva (Department of Building Economics, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)


ISSN: 0263-2772

Article publication date: 27 January 2021

Issue publication date: 10 April 2021




Concrete structures undergo early and fast deterioration, which causes defects such as cracks, water leaks and delamination, resulting from a lack of or inefficient maintenance practices. To improve this behaviour, this paper aims to develop a maintenance strategy benchmarking model for concrete structures.


Fuzzy logic toolbox on MATLAB R2018a was used to develop the proposed model and it was applied to two cases. A comprehensive literature search was done to review common concrete defects, their impact on the performance and functionality of the structure, effectiveness of maintenance strategies and previous maintenance benchmarking models. The literature findings were further validated through expert interviews which have been incorporated in the model.


Case study results show that preventive maintenance (PM), predictive maintenance (PdM) and corrective maintenance (CM) strategies are required more or less in similar combinations for maintenance of concrete roof structures. The best combination for case 1 is 36.42% PM, 35.40% PdM and 28.18% CM, and for case 2 is 35.93% PM, 35.08% PdM and 28.99% CM. According to suitability, they can be ranked as PM > PdM > CM.


This model will contribute as a comprehensive decision-making tool for building/facility managers. The findings further carry a strong message to those who practice only CM in their buildings.



Peiris, S. and De Silva, N. (2021), "A fuzzy-logic model for benchmarking concrete roof maintenance", Facilities, Vol. 39 No. 7/8, pp. 568-583.



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