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Effects of e-learning technologies on university librarians and libraries: a systematic literature review

Khurram Shahzad (Department of Library, Government College University Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan)
Shakeel Ahmad Khan (Department of Information Management, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan, Bahawalpur, Pakistan)

The Electronic Library

ISSN: 0264-0473

Article publication date: 18 July 2023

Issue publication date: 24 July 2023




The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of emerging technologies in e-learning on university librarians and libraries. The study also intended to identify emerging technologies in e-learning and challenges being faced to implement e-learning technologies.


The preferred reporting items for the systematic review and meta-analysis method was applied as the research methodology for conducting the study. A total of 25 core studies published in peer-reviewed journals were selected to conduct a systematic literature review. The data were analysed through a thematic approach.


The results of the study revealed that e-learning technologies assist library professionals to strengthen their expertise and support them in initiating smart library services to deliver customer-focused services. A shortage of skilled manpower, the unavailability of adequate IT infrastructure, a lack of technical support, copyright issues, poor planning and ineffective library leadership are major challenges to implementing emerging technologies in e-learning.


The study offers theoretical implications by adding valuable literature to the existing body of knowledge. It has a societal impact as it has offered recommendations and practical solutions for the successful adoption of emerging technologies in e-learning. The study also offers managerial implications to develop fruitful policies for implementing e-learning technologies for the innovative sustainable competence development of library manpower and implementation of smart library services.



The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


Shahzad, K. and Khan, S.A. (2023), "Effects of e-learning technologies on university librarians and libraries: a systematic literature review", The Electronic Library, Vol. 41 No. 4, pp. 528-554.



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