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System dynamics tool for entropy-based risk control on sleeve grouting in prefabricated buildings

Chen Wang (College of Civil Engineering, Higher-Educational Engineering Research Centre for Intelligence and Automation in Construction of Fujian Province, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, China)
Fengqiu Zou (College of Civil Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, China)
Jeffrey Boon Hui Yap (Department of Surveying, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman - Bandar Sungai Long Campus, Kajang, Malaysia)
Lincoln C. Wood (Department of Management, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand) (School of Management, Curtin University, Perth, Australia)
Heng Li (Department of Building and Real Estate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, China)
Linghua Ding (Huaqiao University, Xiamen, China)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 7 April 2022

Issue publication date: 14 March 2023




The production of sleeve grouting in prefabricated construction is routinely plagued by a variety of factors, and lack of mass data and complex environmental conditions over time make problems inevitable. Thus, a dynamic risk control system is a valuable support for the successful completion of the sleeve grouting process. This study aims to develop an entropy-based sleeve grouting risk dynamic control system.


First, static risk assessment was conducted through the structured interview survey using the entropy weight method, followed by a dynamic risk control technique, where indicators were simulated through system dynamics containing causal loop diagrams and stock-and-flow diagrams.


Finally, three types of risk control models, namely, “tortuous type”, “stable type” and “peak loop type”, were developed in the entropy-based sleeve grouting risk dynamic control system and simulated using system dynamics in a real case.


Compared to traditional sleeve grouting risk management, the developed system enabled dynamic control over time.



Wang, C., Zou, F., Yap, J.B.H., Wood, L.C., Li, H. and Ding, L. (2023), "System dynamics tool for entropy-based risk control on sleeve grouting in prefabricated buildings", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 538-567.



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