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A neural observer for sensorless speed control of servomotors

Jenq-Ruey Horng (Department of Electrical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan)
Ming-Shyan Wang (Department of Electrical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan)
Tai-Rung Lai (Department of Electrical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan)
Sergiu Berinde (Department of Electrical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

Extensive efforts have been conducted on the elimination of position sensors in servomotor control. The purpose of this paper is to aim at estimating the servomotor speed without using position sensors and the knowledge of its parameters by artificial neural networks (ANNs).

Design/methodology/approach

A neural speed observer based on the Elman neural network (NN) structure takes only motor voltages and currents as inputs.

Findings

After offline NNs training, the observer is incorporated into a DSP-based drive and sensorless control is achieved.

Research limitations/implications

Future work will consider to reduce the computation time for NNs training and to adaptively tune parameters on line.

Practical implications

The experimental results of the proposed method are presented to show the effectiveness.

Originality/value

This paper achieves sensorless servomotor control by ANNs which are seldom studied.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by the National Science Council, ROC under Contract No. NSC 100-2632-E-218-001-MY3.

Citation

Horng, J.-R., Wang, M.-S., Lai, T.-R. and Berinde, S. (2014), "A neural observer for sensorless speed control of servomotors", Engineering Computations, Vol. 31 No. 8, pp. 1668-1678. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-11-2012-0289

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited