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Multi-objective optimization in face milling process with cryogenic cooling using grey fuzzy analysis and BPNN-GA methods

Bobby Oedy Pramoedyo Soepangkat (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Rachmadi Norcahyo (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Bambang Pramujati (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia)
M. Abdul Wahid (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Banyuwangi State Polytechnic, Banyuwangi, Indonesia)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 31 July 2019

Issue publication date: 15 August 2019

211

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the prediction and optimization of multiple performance characteristics in the face milling process of tool steel ASSAB XW-42.

Design/methodology/approach

The face milling parameters (cutting speed, feed rate and axial depth of cut) and flow rate (FR) of cryogenic cooling were optimized with consideration of multiple performance characteristics, i.e. surface roughness (SR), cutting force (Fc) and metal removal rate (MRR). FR of cryogenic cooling has two levels, whereas the three face milling parameters each have three levels. Using Taguchi method, an L18 mixed-orthogonal array was selected as the design of experiments. The rough estimation of the optimum face milling parameters was determined by using grey fuzzy analysis. The global optimum face milling parameters were searched by applying the backpropagation neural network-based genetic algorithm (BPNN-GA) method.

Findings

The optimum SR, cutting force (Fc) and MRR could be obtained by setting FR, cutting speed, feed rate and axial depth of cut at 0.5 l/min, 280 m/min, 90 mm/min and 0.2 mm, respectively. The experimental confirmation results showed that BPNN-based GA optimization method could accurately predict and significantly improve all of the multiple performance characteristics.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there were no publications available regarding multi-response optimization using the combination of grey fuzzy analysis and BPNN-based GA methods during cryogenically face milling process.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the PNBP Grant from the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya-Indonesia.

Citation

Soepangkat, B.O.P., Norcahyo, R., Pramujati, B. and Wahid, M.A. (2019), "Multi-objective optimization in face milling process with cryogenic cooling using grey fuzzy analysis and BPNN-GA methods", Engineering Computations, Vol. 36 No. 5, pp. 1542-1565. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-06-2018-0251

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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