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Early fault detection of bearings based on adaptive variational mode decomposition and local tangent space alignment

Ping Ma (College of Electrical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Xinjiang, China)
Hongli Zhang (College of Electrical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Xinjiang, China)
Wenhui Fan (Department of Automation, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China)
Cong Wang (College of Electrical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Xinjiang, China)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 9 January 2019

Issue publication date: 7 March 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Early fault detection of bearing plays an increasingly important role in the operation of rotating machinery. Based on the properties of early fault signal of bearing, this paper aims to describe a novel hybrid early fault detection method of bearings.

Design/methodology/approach

In adaptive variational mode decomposition (AVMD), an adaptive strategy is proposed to select the optimal decomposition level K of variational mode decomposition. Then, a criterion based on envelope entropy is applied to select the optimal intrinsic mode functions (OIMF), which contains most useful fault information. Afterwards, local tangent space alignment (LTSA) is used to denoising of OIMF. The envelope spectrum of the OIMF is used to analyze the fault frequency, thereby detecting the fault. Experiments are conducted in a simulated signal and two experimental vibration signals of bearings to verify the effect of the new method.

Findings

The results show that the proposed method yields a good capability of detecting bearing fault at an early stage. The new method can extract more useful information and can reduce noise, which can provide better detection accuracy compared with the other two methods.

Originality/value

An adaptive strategy based on center frequency is proposed to select the optimal decomposition level of variational mode decomposition. Envelope entropy is used to fault feature selection. Combining the advantage of the AVMD-envelope entropy and LTSA, which suits the nature of the early fault signal. So, the proposed method has better detection accuracy, which provides a good alternative for early fault detection of bearings.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (No 51767022 and No.51575469), the Outstanding Doctor Graduate Student Innovation Project (No.XJUBSCX-2016017) and the Graduate Student Innovation Project of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (No. XJGRI2017006).

Single sentence summary: This paper proposed a novel early fault detection method for bearings based on adaptive variational mode decomposition-envelope entropy and LTSA showing a high fault detection accuracy based on the proposed method.

Citation

Ma, P., Zhang, H., Fan, W. and Wang, C. (2019), "Early fault detection of bearings based on adaptive variational mode decomposition and local tangent space alignment", Engineering Computations, Vol. 36 No. 2, pp. 509-532. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-05-2018-0206

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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