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Structure prediction of multi-principal element alloys using ensemble learning

Amitava Choudhury (Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, India and School of Computer Science, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India)
Tanmay Konnur (Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Rourkela, India)
P.P. Chattopadhyay (Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, India)
Snehanshu Pal (Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Rourkela, India)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 28 November 2019

Issue publication date: 8 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper, is to predict the various phases and crystal structure from multi-component alloys. Nowadays, the concept and strategies of the development of multi-principal element alloys (MPEAs) significantly increase the count of the potential candidate of alloy systems, which demand proper screening of large number of alloy systems based on the nature of their phase and structure. Experimentally obtained data linking elemental properties and their resulting phases for MPEAs is profused; hence, there is a strong scope for categorization/classification of MPEAs based on structural features of the resultant phase along with distinctive connections between elemental properties and phases.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, several machine-learning algorithms have been used to recognize the underlying data pattern using data sets to design MPEAs and classify them based on structural features of their resultant phase such as single-phase solid solution, amorphous and intermetallic compounds. Further classification of MPEAs having single-phase solid solution is performed based on crystal structure using an ensemble-based machine-learning algorithm known as random-forest algorithm.

Findings

The model developed by implementing random-forest algorithm has resulted in an accuracy of 91 per cent for phase prediction and 93 per cent for crystal structure prediction for single-phase solid solution class of MPEAs. Five input parameters are used in the prediction model namely, valence electron concentration, difference in the pauling negativeness, atomic size difference, mixing enthalpy and mixing entropy. It has been found that the valence electron concentration is the most important feature with respect to prediction of phases. To avoid overfitting problem, fivefold cross-validation has been performed. To understand the comparative performance, different algorithms such as K-nearest Neighbor, support vector machine, logistic regression, naïve-based approach, decision tree and neural network have been used in the data set.

Originality/value

In this paper, the authors described the phase selection and crystal structure prediction mechanism in MPEA data set and have achieved better accuracy using machine learning.

Keywords

Citation

Choudhury, A., Konnur, T., Chattopadhyay, P.P. and Pal, S. (2020), "Structure prediction of multi-principal element alloys using ensemble learning", Engineering Computations, Vol. 37 No. 3, pp. 1003-1022. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-04-2019-0151

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited