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A review on developing optimization techniques in civil engineering

Qasim Zaheer (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)
Mir Majaid Manzoor (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)
Muhammad Jawad Ahamad (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 9 February 2023

Issue publication date: 19 April 2023




The purpose of this article is to analyze the optimization process in depth, elaborating on the components of the entire process and the techniques used. Researchers have been drawn to the expanding trend of optimization since the turn of the century. The rate of research can be used to measure the progress and increase of this optimization procedure. This study is phenomenal to understand the optimization process and different algorithms in addition to their application by keeping in mind the current computational power that has increased the implementation for several engineering applications.


Two-dimensional analysis has been carried out for the optimization process and its approaches to addressing optimization problems, i.e. computational power has increased the implementation. The first section focuses on a thorough examination of the optimization process, its objectives and the development of processes. Second, techniques of the optimization process have been evaluated, as well as some new ones that have emerged to overcome the above-mentioned problems.


This paper provided detailed knowledge of optimization, several approaches and their applications in civil engineering, i.e. structural, geotechnical, hydraulic, transportation and many more. This research provided tremendous emerging techniques, where the lack of exploratory studies is to be approached soon.


Optimization processes have been studied for a very long time, in engineering, but the current computational power has increased the implementation for several engineering applications. Besides that, different techniques and their prediction modes often require high computational strength, such parameters can be mitigated with the use of different techniques to reduce computational cost and increase accuracy.



The authors would like to thank Professor Tan Yonggang from Bridge and Tunnel Department at Dalian University of Technology China, for his supervision and support throughout the entire study. Also the authors thank the Dalian University of technology and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, that they supported this study Grant No. 52125805.


Zaheer, Q., Manzoor, M.M. and Ahamad, M.J. (2023), "A review on developing optimization techniques in civil engineering", Engineering Computations, Vol. 40 No. 2, pp. 348-377.



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