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On deterministic procedures for low-cost multi-objective design optimization of miniaturized impedance matching transformers

Slawomir Koziel (Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland and Reykjavik University, School of Science and Engineering, Reykjavik, Iceland)
Adrian Bekasiewicz (Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland and Reykjavik University, School of Science and Engineering, Reykjavik, Iceland)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 18 April 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate deterministic strategies for low-cost multi-objective design optimization of compact microwave structures, specifically, impedance matching transformers. The considered methods involve surrogate modeling techniques and variable-fidelity electromagnetic (EM) simulations. In contrary to majority of conventional approaches, they do not rely on population-based metaheuristics, which permit lowering the design cost and improve reliability.

Design/methodology/approach

There are two algorithmic frameworks presented, both fully deterministic. The first algorithm involves creating a path covering the Pareto front and arranged as a sequence of patches relocated in the course of optimization. Response correction techniques are used to find the Pareto front representation at the high-fidelity EM simulation level. The second algorithm exploits Pareto front exploration where subsequent Pareto-optimal designs are obtained by moving along the front by means of solving appropriately defined local constrained optimization problems. Numerical case studies are provided demonstrating feasibility of solving real-world problems involving expensive EM-simulation models of impedance transformer structures.

Findings

It is possible, by means of combining surrogate modeling techniques and constrained local optimization, to identify the set of alternative designs representing Pareto-optimal solutions, in a realistic time frame corresponding to a few dozen of high-fidelity EM simulations of the respective structures. Multi-objective optimization for the considered class of structures can be realized using deterministic approaches without defaulting to evolutionary methods.

Research limitations/implications

The present study can be considered a step toward further studies on expedited optimization of computationally expensive simulation models for miniaturized microwave components.

Originality/value

The proposed algorithmic solutions proved useful for expedited multi-objective design optimization of miniaturized microwave structures. The problem is extremely challenging when using conventional methods, in particular evolutionary algorithms. To the authors’ knowledge, this is one of the first attempts to investigate deterministic surrogate-assisted multi-objective optimization of compact components at the EM-simulation level.

Keywords

Citation

Koziel, S. and Bekasiewicz, A. (2017), "On deterministic procedures for low-cost multi-objective design optimization of miniaturized impedance matching transformers", Engineering Computations, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 403-419. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-01-2016-0046

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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