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Measuring semantic distances using linked open data and its application on music recommender systems

Hsin-Chang Yang (National University of Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan)
Chung-Hong Lee (National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung, Taiwan)
Wen-Sheng Liao (National University of Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan)

Data Technologies and Applications

ISSN: 2514-9288

Article publication date: 7 December 2020

Issue publication date: 12 April 2021




Measuring the similarity between two resources is considered difficult due to a lack of reliable information and a wide variety of available information regarding the resources. Many approaches have been devised to tackle such difficulty. Although content-based approaches, which adopted resource-related data in comparing resources, played a major role in similarity measurement methodology, the lack of semantic insight on the data may leave these approaches imperfect. The purpose of this paper is to incorporate data semantics into the measuring process.


The emerged linked open data (LOD) provide a practical solution to tackle such difficulty. Common methodologies consuming LOD mainly focused on using link attributes that provide some sort of semantic relations between data. In this work, methods for measuring semantic distances between resources using information gathered from LOD were proposed. Such distances were then applied to music recommendation, focusing on the effect of various weight and level settings.


This work conducted experiments using the MusicBrainz dataset and evaluated the proposed schemes for the plausibility of LOD on music recommendation. The experimental result shows that the proposed methods electively improved classic approaches for both linked data semantic distance (LDSD) and PathSim methods by 47 and 9.7%, respectively.


The main contribution of this work is to develop novel schemes for incorporating knowledge from LOD. Two types of knowledge, namely attribute and path, were derived and incorporated into similarity measurements. Such knowledge may reflect the relationships between resources in a semantic manner since the links in LOD carry much semantic information regarding connecting resources.



This work is supported by funding from the Ministry of Science and Technology under grant MOST 103-2410-H-390-017-MY2.


Yang, H.-C., Lee, C.-H. and Liao, W.-S. (2021), "Measuring semantic distances using linked open data and its application on music recommender systems", Data Technologies and Applications, Vol. 55 No. 2, pp. 293-309.



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