Developing an Islamic corporate social responsibility model (ICSR)

Muhammad Adnan Khurshid (College of Business Administration, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and Faculty of Management and Human Resource Development, University Technology Malaysia, Malaysia)
Abdulrahman Al-Aali (College of Business Administration, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
Ahmed Ali Soliman (College of Business Administration, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
Salmiah Mohamad Amin (Faculty of Management and Human Resource Development, University Technology Malaysia, Malaysia)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Publication date: 12 August 2014

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to develop an Islamic corporate social responsibility (ICSR) model.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on Qur’anic verses and previous literature, the authors aim to develop an ICSR model with an extension of the corporate social responsibility (CSR) theory of Carroll (1979).

Findings

This study extends the theory of Carroll (1979) using an operational definition of CSR that encompasses the economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic dimensions of CSR from an Islamic perspective. This ICSR model is applicable to both Islamic and non-Islamic business systems because both Islamic and Western CSR have common humanitarian grounds.

Research limitations

The conceptual research is not tested in this article. Further, not all Islamic principles are integrated in this model.

Originality/value

Many Western theoreticians have attempted to offer theoretical, moral and ethical grounds for CSR initiatives. However, these attempts have been broadly criticized for problems relating to justification, conceptual clarity and possible inconsistency and for failing to provide adequate ethical guidance to business executives who must determine which course to pursue and their level of commitment. Therefore, there is a need to develop the concept of CSR, which has gained popularity and wide acceptance among the Western and Islamic business communities, especially from an Islamic perspective.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The researchers would like to thank the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University represented by the Research Center in the College of Business Administration for financially supporting this research.

Citation

Adnan Khurshid, M., Al-Aali, A., Ali Soliman, A. and Mohamad Amin, S. (2014), "Developing an Islamic corporate social responsibility model (ICSR)", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 258-274. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-01-2013-0004

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Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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