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Competitive advantage: Mediator of managerial competence and financial performance of commercial banks in Uganda

Nixon Kamukama (Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda)
Diana Susan Kyomuhangi (Accounting and Finance Department, Makerere University Business School, Kampala, Uganda)
Richard Akisimire (Accounting and Finance Department, Makerere University Business School, Kampala, Uganda)
Laura A. Orobia (Accounting and Finance Department, Makerere University Business School, Kampala, Uganda)

African Journal of Economic and Management Studies

ISSN: 2040-0705

Article publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the mediating role of competitive advantage in the relationship between managerial competence and financial performance of commercial banks in Uganda.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross-sectional survey was employed using 22 fully licensed and operational commercial banks in Uganda. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, zero order correlation and hierarchical regression analyses. Further, the bootstrap method was used to test the mediation effect of competitive advantage. All the analyses were performed using SPSS v21.

Findings

The findings reinforce the important position of managerial competence on financial performance of commercial banks. First, managerial competence enhances firms’ competitive advantage. Second, managerial competence has an indirect effect on financial performance through competitive advantage. Overall, managerial competence and competitive advantage are strong predictors of financial performance of commercial banks.

Research limitations/implications

The study employed only a single research methodological approach, therefore future research could be undertaken using a mixed approach and triangulate to compare findings. Furthermore, the findings from the present study are cross-sectional, considering the limitations there in, a longitudinal approach should be explored.

Practical implications

Emphasis should be put on improving the knowledge and skills of managers so as to attain a competitive edge in the market and thus register increased profits. This will help practitioners make legitimate decisions and conclusions that can foster business growth.

Originality/value

A mediation effect of competitive advantage in the relationship between managerial competence and financial performance was tested; previous studies have tended to test the direct effects.

Keywords

Citation

Kamukama, N., Kyomuhangi, D.S., Akisimire, R. and Orobia, L.A. (2017), "Competitive advantage: Mediator of managerial competence and financial performance of commercial banks in Uganda", African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 221-234. https://doi.org/10.1108/AJEMS-10-2016-0142

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited