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Lessons learned from a part-time worker typology applied to full-timers

Jenell Lynn-Senter Wittmer (Department of Management, College of Business and Innovation, University of Toledo,Toledo, Ohio, USA)
James E. Martin (Department of Management and Information Systems, Wayne State University, Detriot, Michigan, USA)

American Journal of Business

ISSN: 1935-5181

Article publication date: 21 October 2013




Research on work status differences has yielded inconsistent results and is not relevant for today's workforce, economic circumstances, or the changing nature of work. Inconsistencies may be due to substantial heterogeneity, rather than homogeneity, within each group (part-time (PT) and full-time (FT)). Thus, researchers created a PT worker typology based on demographics and personal life roles. Systematic differences in attitudes and behaviors across derived groups of PT workers were found. The purpose of the current study is to test the applicability of this PT worker typology on FT workers and to extend the typology's foundational theory, partial inclusion theory (PIT).


The current study employs cluster analysis on three diverse samples (n=3,747) to establish a basis for the generalizability of the FT typology.


Strong support was found for a similar, but distinct, FT employee typology. Attitudinal and behavioral differences were also found among the various FT groups which were similar to the differences found among the PT groups.

Research limitations/implications

The current study has implications both for the application of PIT as well management and human resources. Targeted wellness and retention programs can be designed for various groups of FT employees, including scheduling flexibility and benefit plans.


This is one of the first studies to examine the heterogeneity of the FT workforce, understanding that FT workers also have substantial life roles outside of work that likely affect their involvement and attitudes at work.



Lynn-Senter Wittmer, J. and E. Martin, J. (2013), "Lessons learned from a part-time worker typology applied to full-timers", American Journal of Business, Vol. 28 No. 2, pp. 210-232.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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