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Difficulties in employment perceived by individuals with ASD in Poland

Agnieszka Siedler (Department of Psychology, Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education, Warszawa, Poland)
Edyta Idczak-Paceś (Department of Psychology, Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education, Warszawa, Poland)

Advances in Autism

ISSN: 2056-3868

Article publication date: 6 May 2021

Issue publication date: 12 May 2021

196

Abstract

Purpose

Individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis often desire to be useful to society and may have the ability to work. Unfortunately, in Poland as in other countries, most remain unemployed. The purpose of this paper is to determine the factors that make gaining and retaining employment difficult for people with autism from their perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents a qualitative research synthesis, that explored experiences of 15 individuals with autism regarding the process of seeking and maintaining employment. In-depth interviews were conducted with each study participant, and four discussion panels were held with small groups.

Findings

The difficulties described by the study participants included lack of detailed information, anxiety, high stress levels and overcommitment. Some of them also reported that they were unable to find out the reasons for misunderstanding or dissatisfaction on the part of their employers.

Social implications

The paper emphasizes the need to increase public awareness and reliable knowledge about autism spectrum disorders.

Originality/value

The paper draws conclusions regarding common difficulties from the perspective of individuals with autism. It shows how features associated with autism can be related to specific problems at work or during the process of looking for it. It also indicates changes that should be made in the employers' approach to help people with autism gain and retain employment.

Keywords

Citation

Siedler, A. and Idczak-Paceś, E. (2021), "Difficulties in employment perceived by individuals with ASD in Poland", Advances in Autism, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 49-59. https://doi.org/10.1108/AIA-11-2019-0042

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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