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Online teaching benefits and challenges during pandemic COVID-19: a comparative study of Pakistan and Indonesia

Sahib Khatoon Thaheem (School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)
Mohamad Jafre Zainol Abidin (School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)
Quratulain Mirza (English Language Development Center, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan)
Habib Ullah Pathan (English Language Development Center, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan)

Asian Education and Development Studies

ISSN: 2046-3162

Article publication date: 25 March 2021

Issue publication date: 3 March 2022

759

Abstract

Purpose

The shift from physical class to online classes in the pandemic COVID-19 situation has posited opportunities as well as challenges for teachers and students. The primary purpose of this research is to investigate challenges faced and benefits availed by the teachers at the tertiary level in universities of Pakistan and Indonesia.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve the purpose a mixed-method approach is employed to answer the three research questions of the present study. The quantitative data is obtained from the responses of 66 teachers, teaching online in Mehran UET Pakistan and 102 teachers from Indonesian university. The personal, technological, and pedagogical challenges were analyzed by descriptive statistics on SPSS. Thus, the independent-samples t-test was run to test for statistically significant differences faced by teachers in both countries.

Findings

The findings revealed that there were no statistically significant differences found in personal, and pedagogical challenges faced by both countries' teachers, whereas there is a significant difference in facing technological challenges between Pakistani and Indonesian teachers. The benefits of online teaching were investigated qualitatively by conducting semi-structured interviews with 10 teachers 5 from each country. There are very positive aspects of online teaching revealed in the interviews.

Research limitations/implications

The paper includes implications for the development of Computer Assisted Language Learning, the development of technology integrated courses, and for managing the balance between physical and online classes.

Practical implications

The findings of the study have implications on finding out the solutions of the derived challenges, further it suggests to concentrate on students of public and private universities in Pakistan and Indonesia so that a comparison of challenges faced by teachers and faced by students can be researched and evaluated and it can generate significantly different results.

Social implications

The implications on the research society and the teachers and designers' communities are very clear in this research because it paves the way forward towards the blending of technology in any way either synchronously/ asynchronously into education, further researches can be done on designing the new concepts, courses, instructional platforms for students and investigate the new dimensions and effects of them.

Originality/value

Findings have value, because two countries' context (developing countries) with respect to the comparison of the challenges and benefits is better understood, it would have different results if had done in the developed countries.

Keywords

Citation

Thaheem, S.K., Zainol Abidin, M.J., Mirza, Q. and Pathan, H.U. (2022), "Online teaching benefits and challenges during pandemic COVID-19: a comparative study of Pakistan and Indonesia", Asian Education and Development Studies, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 311-323. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEDS-08-2020-0189

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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