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Integration effects of UAVs in non-segregated airspace

Tamer Savas (Department of Motor Vehicles and Transportation Technologies, Eskisehir Osmangazi Üniversity, Eskisehir, Turkey)
Oznur Usanmaz (Department of Air Traffic Control, Eskisehir Technical University, Eskişehir, Turkey)
Ozlem Sahin (Department of Air Traffic Control, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Eskisehir Technical University, Eskişehir, Turkey)
Ertan Çınar (Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Eskisehir Technical University, Eskişehir, Turkey)
Murat Karaderili (Department of Flight Operations, Turkish Aerospace Industries Inc, Ankara, Turkey)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 26 June 2021

Issue publication date: 5 August 2021




The study aims to design a new route model for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to integrate them into non-segregated airspace.


The proposed route model was assessed and validated through real-time simulations.


The comparison results of baseline and proposed route model show that a reduction of 38% and 41% in the total flight time and total flight distance were obtained in favour of the proposed model, respectively.

Practical implications

The proposed route model can be applied by airspace designers and UAV users to perform safe and efficient landing in non-segregated airspace.


In this study, a new proposed route model is constructed for UAVs. Quantitative results, using a real-time simulation method, are achieved in terms of flight distance and flight time.



This study was supported under the SAYP (Researcher Training Program for Defence Industry) Project (No. 30830) approved by the Department of Defence Industry of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey and the project (No. 1703F076) approved by the Scientific Research Projects Commission of Eskisehir Technical University.

The authors would like to thank the Turkish Aerospace Industries for allowing the use of the UAV simulator for the analyses. Thanks are also given to the air traffic controllers and UAV pilots for their kind support and valuable opinions.

Declaration of conflicting interests: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and publication of this article.

Funding: The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article.


Savas, T., Usanmaz, O., Sahin, O., Çınar, E. and Karaderili, M. (2021), "Integration effects of UAVs in non-segregated airspace", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 93 No. 5, pp. 842-846.



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