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Behaviour and adaptive functioning in children and young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a UK study

Mari Sakano (Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, London, UK)
Raja Mukherjee (FASD, Surrey and Borders Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, Leatherhead, UK)
Jeremy Turk (Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, London, UK) (South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK)

Advances in Dual Diagnosis

ISSN: 1757-0972

Article publication date: 7 January 2019

Issue publication date: 28 February 2019

563

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the profiles of behaviours and adaptive functioning in the UK children and young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

Design/methodology/approach

Data of 106 participants registered from 2005 to 2015 were extracted from a clinic database. In total, 99 individuals with confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), aged from 5 to 25 years, were analysed using scaled scores of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Second Edition (VABS-II), and the Developmental Behaviour Checklist-Primary Carer Version (DBC-P) and Teacher Version (DBC-T). Differences due to age, gender, IQ and family structure (adopted/living with birth parents) were also explored.

Findings

The mean composite adaptive behaviour score on the VABS-II was classified as “low” at 68.2 (SD=8.5), with the socialisation domain being the most impaired. Significantly lower VABS-II composite scores were found in individuals with lower IQ’s, older ages and in males. Disruptive behaviours were the most commonly observed on the DBCs, whereas primary carers scored significantly higher than teachers across all subscales. IQ, age and gender were not associated with the total percentile scores of both DBCs. Adoption made no differences compared to living with birth parents.

Research limitations/implications

Future studies would replicate these findings in a larger sample size including individuals without PAE and those living with birth parents.

Originality/value

This study is the first UK report that examines this issue.

Keywords

Citation

Sakano, M., Mukherjee, R. and Turk, J. (2019), "Behaviour and adaptive functioning in children and young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a UK study", Advances in Dual Diagnosis, Vol. 12 No. 1/2, pp. 62-72. https://doi.org/10.1108/ADD-10-2018-0016

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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