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A multi-agency evaluation of the Leeds Dual Diagnosis care co-ordination protocol

Richard Bell (Leeds Dual Diagnosis Project Manager, based at St Annes Community Services, Leeds, UK)

Advances in Dual Diagnosis

ISSN: 1757-0972

Article publication date: 11 November 2014




The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the learning from the multi-agency evaluation of the Leeds Dual Diagnosis Care co-ordination protocol undertaken by the Leeds Dual Diagnosis (DD) Project in 2013. The evaluation aimed to identify the prevalence of people with DD accessing network member services, and to identify the standard of care network members provided for people with DD in relation to the Leeds Care Co-ordination Protocol.


The evaluation adopted a service evaluation methodology and included features of real world research. Two standardised self-completion questionnaires were administered using Survey Monkey™ software.


The majority of service could provide prevalence data however the quality of data provided was significantly impacted by the limitations of client management systems. Completion of specific DD training beyond basic awareness was generally low and many participants were confused about the different levels of training available. Standards of care varied, a substantial amount of joint working was taking place via informal pathways which relied on established relationships and trust between practitioners and services. Jointing working was often informal when people were not under the Care Programme Approach.

Research limitations/implications

Due of the methodological choices the evaluation cannot be considered impartial. The prevalence data gathered lacks robustness and does not reflect the number of people who meet clinical threshold for DD as valid screening tools were not used by all services. The standards of care identified only reflect practitioner's personal views and do not provide a definitive answer to the standard of care being delivered. The response rate in relation to standards of care was low with large amounts of missing data negatively impacting the external validity of data gathered.

Practical implications

The completion of this evaluation demonstrates that it is extremely challenging to undertake a multi-agency evaluation with limited resources. It has highlighted key challenges and areas for future development locally in relation to DD. The themes explored are likely to be of interest to commissioners, service managers, DD consultant nurses and anyone involved in the strategic development of DD.


The evaluation has generated information which is of practical significance to local commissioners and Leeds DD Network Members. The knowledge and learning from this evaluation has subsequently been used by the Leeds DD Strategy Group to inform the new action plan for the DD Project, the re-commissioning of substance misuse services and the new mental health framework being developed for Leeds.



The author thanks St Anne's Community Services (a not-for-profit social care and mental health organisation based in Leeds, UK) who supported the evaluation with a grant from their innovation fund.


Bell, R. (2014), "A multi-agency evaluation of the Leeds Dual Diagnosis care co-ordination protocol", Advances in Dual Diagnosis, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 162-184.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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