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Failure analysis of coated galvanized steel panels

Anwar Ul-Hamid (Center for Engineering Research, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)
Huseyin Saricimen (Department of Industrial Engineering, Yalova University, Yalova, Turkey)
Abdul Quddus (Center for Engineering Research, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)
Luai M. Al-Hems (Center for Engineering Research, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to determine the mode and cause of failure of polyester-coated galvanized corrugated steel sheets that exhibited degradation of the coating after seven months into service.

Design/methodology/approach

Visual inspection and light microscopy revealed the extent of damage exhibited by the panels. Standard metallographic techniques were used to prepare samples obtained from both unused and failed sections. Light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction techniques were used to study the surface morphology, microstructural features, elemental composition and structure of the samples.

Findings

The failure occurred in the form of delamination and blistering of coated layer. Presence of solar radiation, humidity and water retention resulted in loss of adhesion, leading to coating delamination and flaking especially at the top surface. The coating at the bottom surface of the panels showed evidence of blistering caused by water vapor differential that existed between the environment and the coating because of prolonged (four months) wet conditions that existed at the manufacturer’s site during storage.

Practical implications

It is recommended that the coated panels are stored in covered area where direct exposure to atmospheric conditions can be prevented. If open storage is unavoidable, then the use of tarpaulin or plastic sheet as covering and vapor-phase inhibitors was recommended.

Originality/value

This paper provides an account of failure analysis of metal sheet panels. It identifies the mode and cause of failure and also provides recommendations to avoid such occurrences in the future. The information contained in this paper is useful for plant engineers and project managers working in the metal sheet industry.

Keywords

Citation

Ul-Hamid, A., Saricimen, H., Quddus, A. and Al-Hems, L.M. (2017), "Failure analysis of coated galvanized steel panels", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 64 No. 4, pp. 424-431. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-05-2016-1669

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited