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Aminobenzoic acid functionalized graphene oxide as environment-friendly corrosion inhibitors for Q235 steel in HCl solution: experimental and DFT studies

Baoguang Ma (Research and Development Institute of Northwestern Polytechnical University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China)
Cheng Chen (Guangzhou HKUST Fok Ying Tung Research Institute, Guangzhou, China)
Xiaojun Xie (Xiamen Advanced Materials Academy of Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute, Xiamen, China)
Yanhui Chen (Research and Development Institute of Northwestern Polytechnical University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China)
Qiuyu Zhang (Research and Development Institute of Northwestern Polytechnical University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China)
Dong Lv (Guangzhou HKUST Fok Ying Tung Research Institute, Guangzhou, China)
Zhenguo Liu (Research and Development Institute of Northwestern Polytechnical University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 7 June 2021

Issue publication date: 2 July 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to provide effective and environmental-friendly corrosion inhibitors derived from graphene oxide for Q235 steel.

Design/methodology/approach

Nontoxic and environment-friendly 4-aminobenzoic acid was used to functionalize graphene oxide via amidation and diazotization. The obtained amidation 4-aminobenzoic acid functionalized graphene oxide (PAGO) and diazotization 4-aminobenzoic acid functionalized graphene oxide (PDGO) were characterized by FTIR, Raman and TEM, while the inhibition efficiencies were analyzed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization (PDP). Furthermore, theoretical inhibition efficiencies were investigated by density functional theory (DFT) approach.

Findings

At a concentration of 40 ppm, the maximum inhibition efficiency of PAGO and PDGO were 97.90% and 96.72% in EIS measurement, respectively, which were in accordance with PDP data. Moreover, experimental results were supported by DFT-based quantum chemical calculation.

Originality/value

Environmental-friendly PAGO and PDGO were synthesized successfully. The synthetic inhibitors exhibited excellent inhibition efficiencies in EIS and PDP measurements. Furthermore, a computational study using DFT supported the trend that PAGO was better inhibitor than PDGO.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Baoguang Ma and Zhenguo Liu are thankful for the China Postdoc Number 241125; Shenzhen Xuni University Lab Construction Funding (YFJGJS1.0, 20191024213117281).

Citation

Ma, B., Chen, C., Xie, X., Chen, Y., Zhang, Q., Lv, D. and Liu, Z. (2021), "Aminobenzoic acid functionalized graphene oxide as environment-friendly corrosion inhibitors for Q235 steel in HCl solution: experimental and DFT studies", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 68 No. 3, pp. 229-237. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-03-2021-2449

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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