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Identifying Underlying Urban Logistics Factors in Old Downtown of Córdoba, Argentina

Supply Chain Management and Logistics in Emerging Markets

ISBN: 978-1-83909-333-3, eISBN: 978-1-83909-331-9

Publication date: 20 November 2020


With an increasing urbanization trend over the last decades, urban agglomerations are facing different challenges that affect its inhabitants: pollution, traffic congestion, thriving population growth rates, and economic uncertainty. In the context of Latin America, where less than 20% of its inhabitants live in rural areas and with a projection to decrease to close to 10% by the year 2030, providing solutions to reduce the impact of this increase of population, on at least one of the issues, seems logical.

This study focuses on the urban logistics component to propose a classification method for homogeneous areas, using Factor Analysis (FA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) as the main supporting tools. The proposed methodology builds up on the square kilometer (KM2) methodology developed by MIT Center for Transportation and Logistics, applying it in a neuralgic section of the downtown area of a mid-sized city in Latin America: Córdoba, Argentina. The selection was made considering the logistic restrictions, commercial density, and the relevance of the area for the city. Our proposed methodology uses relevant variables for urban logistics to perform the statistical analysis. The main goal is to develop a data-driven methodology to identify clusters to guide Córdoba's urban logistics policy and decision-making processes.

The results suggest a clear relationship between the different commercial activities and the location inside the area, splitting the area under study clearly into two main sections with similar overall characteristics and two subsections inside each one of them, which should be considered as a basis for further urban logistic analysis and implementation of specific best practices that fit the particular needs.




The authors would like to thank the 22 students and 5 coordinators from National University of Córdoba who took an active role in the development of this project, especially in the information gathering section, as well as in the analysis of different results, which lead to the elaboration of this academic project. Our special thanks to Ciampagna Territory Knowledgement for their collaboration in information and mapping. We would also like to thank to Dr. Christopher Mejia-Argueta for his support on this endeavor and valuable insights for the completion of this research. Finally, special thanks to everyone involved in the development and closure of this project.


Heckmann, G., Hidalgo-Carvajal, D. and Vega, J.J. (2020), "Identifying Underlying Urban Logistics Factors in Old Downtown of Córdoba, Argentina", Yoshizaki, H.T.Y., Mejía Argueta, C. and Mattos, M.G. (Ed.) Supply Chain Management and Logistics in Emerging Markets, Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 131-156.



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