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Disaster Risk Reduction and Management: A Conceptual Overview

Harrison Esam Awuh (Aeres University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands)
Bishawjit Mallick (University of Colorado Boulder, USA)
Harry Wirngo Mairomi (University of Bamenda, Cameroon)

Disaster Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies, Institutions and Processes

ISBN: 978-1-80262-818-0, eISBN: 978-1-80262-817-3

Publication date: 21 April 2022


Though some disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM) abstractions and core concepts may appear transparently obvious to some readers, others might not easily grasp the complexities embedded in them. This chapter focusses on the main arguments connected to DRRM. It unravels some of the complexities that abound in the framing of key disaster risk reduction concepts in literature. This chapter is divided into three parts. The first part focusses on understanding the dynamics of disasters. This part revisits definitions of disasters in literature, how they have been conceptualised in academia and what makes them different from other related concepts such as hazards, crisis, vulnerabilities and emergencies. Furthermore, considering that some impacts of disasters are more obvious than others, it examines some of the less conspicuous relationships between disasters and other phenomena. The second part examines the concept of DRRM in existing literature, highlighting the importance of resilience in DRRM and revisiting key methodological approaches in building resilience among communities. The third part places the concept of DRRM within the African context. It demonstrates the delicate aspects embedded in successful DRRM in Africa amid institutional development and policy issues. This part concludes with the identification of key knowledge gaps in DRRM in Africa. These knowledge gaps identified in the wider literature are used to justify why the chapters in this book and the context covered (sub-Saharan Africa) are of utmost importance in DRRM.



Awuh, H.E., Mallick, B. and Mairomi, H.W. (2022), "Disaster Risk Reduction and Management: A Conceptual Overview", Balgah, R.A. and Kimengsi, J.N. (Ed.) Disaster Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies, Institutions and Processes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 3-33.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022 Harrison Esam Awuh, Bishawjit Mallick and Harry Wirngo Mairomi