This chapter x-rayed the industrial revolution phases down to the 4th industrial era or the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) The Fourth Industrial Revolution — commonly referred to as Industry 4.0 or i4.0 — is the next stage in digital transformation. The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) is sometimes described as an incoming thunderstorm, a sweeping pattern of change visible in the distance, arriving at a pace that affords little time to prepare. With the resultant effects of up-skilling and re-skilling the workforce for future fits of the industry 4.0 era. The chapter also provided answers to what skills today's workforce need to develop as their roles evolve, what re-skilling, cross-skilling, up-skilling is all about and the various strategies through which library managers can adopt to encourage their workforce to re-skill, cross-skill and up-skill.
Nwaohiri, N.M. and Nwosu, M.C. (2021), "Reskilling the Library Workforce for the Fourth Industrial Revolution", Chigwada, J.P. and Nwaohiri, N.M. (Ed.) Examining the impact of industry 4.0 on academic libraries, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 227-233. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80043-656-520201025
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