This study investigates the relationship between environmental concern, environmental effort and their impact on company performance. Results based on survey data from sixty companies indicate that there is a positive correlation between environmental concern and effort. In addition, positive correlations between effort and operations efficiency and company image were found. No significant correlation between environmental effort and profit was found. It was observed that top management concern is a key to environmental initiatives. Manufacturing companies seem to have higher concern than those of service companies and expend more effort in reducing pollution, waste recycling etc. However, there is no significant difference in impact on performance between manufacturing and service companies relative to environmental efforts.
Ahmed, N., Montagno, R. and Naffziger, D. (2003), "Environmental Concerns, Effort and Impact: An Empirical Study", American Journal of Business, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1108/19355181200300005Download as .RIS
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