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Sustainability criteria for biomass – views of Finnish stakeholders

Anne Hämäläinen (Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland)
Virgilio Panapanaan (Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland)
Mirja Mikkilä (Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland)
Lassi Linnanen (Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland)
Jussi Heinimö (Lappeenranta University of Technology, Varkaus, Finland)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 28 June 2011




The purpose of this paper is to find out the views, concerns and opinions of stakeholders in Finland about the on‐going EU‐wide development of sustainability criteria for biomass production and utilization.


Interviews were conducted among Finnish stakeholders in the biomass sector which include representatives from government ministries, associations of industries and agricultural producers, research institutions and non‐governmental organizations.


The majority of Finnish stakeholders are in agreement that sustainability criteria for biomass are needed because of the expanding and globalizing nature of the use and trade of biomass. Finnish stakeholders generally agreed that they should actively participate in the development of sustainability criteria both at international and local levels. Administrative/technical, environmental, social and economic aspects were elicited as critical factors for the development of sustainability criteria.

Practical implications

This study emphasizes and puts forward the importance of taking stakeholders' viewpoints and their participation in the planning and development of sustainability criteria. This study affirms how Finnish stakeholders can strongly articulate their views and opinions about the sustainability of biomass. These views and concerns of stakeholders can be significant or critical inputs in top level decision making related to biomass production and utilization in Finland and in the EU.


This paper can be a position paper to highlight the concerns of Finnish stakeholders on sustainability criteria development. It also highlights the special circumstances of Finnish biomass. These concerns and circumstances are valuable information for criteria developers, biomass certifiers, decision makers and regulatory bodies.



Hämäläinen, A., Panapanaan, V., Mikkilä, M., Linnanen, L. and Heinimö, J. (2011), "Sustainability criteria for biomass – views of Finnish stakeholders", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 307-326.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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