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Specificities of EU cluster policies

Alka Obadić (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)

Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy

ISSN: 1750-6204

Article publication date: 22 March 2013

Abstract

Purpose

During the 1990s, most European countries have increased their interest in the direction of industrial districts, clusters and local production systems as an integral part of their industrial policy. At the same time, there have been significant changes in the consideration of industrial policy in Europe. The aim of this paper is to analyze two basic approaches in the development of cluster initiatives in the formation of cluster policy.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper analyzes two basic approaches in the development of cluster initiatives in the formation of cluster policy: top‐down and bottom‐up approach. The analysis also points to the diversity of national approaches in terms of policy clusters, but in the same time at some common trends.

Findings

The development of cluster policy is still at an early stage in most countries. There are also significant differences among the countries of Eastern and Western Europe. Among those countries that have adopted the policy of the cluster after 2000, are mostly small countries in terms of population and/or geographical size of countries in Eastern Europe.

Originality/value

Policies that encourage cluster formation have to be developed, particularly in developing countries and countries in transition that are seeking their place in the international market.

Keywords

Citation

Obadić, A. (2013), "Specificities of EU cluster policies", Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 23-35. https://doi.org/10.1108/17506201311315581

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited