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Intellectual capital and financial returns of companies

Hong Pew Tan (The Graduate School of Management, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia)
David Plowman (The Graduate School of Management, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia)
Phil Hancock (The Graduate School of Management, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 23 January 2007

7463

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to investigate the association between the intellectual capital (IC) of firms and their financial performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses the Pulic framework, has an Asian focus, and draws on data from 150 publicly listed companies on the Singapore Exchange. It is an empirical study using partial least squares (PLS) for the data analysis. The paper tests four elements of IC and company performance.

Findings

The findings show that: IC and company performance are positively related; IC is correlated to future company performance; the rate of growth of a company's IC is positively related to the company's performance; and the contribution of IC to company performance differs by industry.

Research limitations/implications

The data sample is restricted to 150 companies listed on the Singapore Exchange between the years 2000 and 2002.

Practical implications

IC is an area of interest to numerous parties, such as shareholders, institutional investors, scholars, policymakers and managers. The findings help to embolden modern day managers to better harness and manage IC.

Originality/value

The study of IC has undergone a number of stages, from early conscious awareness efforts to classification of IC, and to the search for appropriate measures of IC. This paper builds on the current research on IC and provides empirical evidence on the relevance of IC (as measured by the Pulic model) to the financial performance of companies.

Keywords

Citation

Pew Tan, H., Plowman, D. and Hancock, P. (2007), "Intellectual capital and financial returns of companies", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 76-95. https://doi.org/10.1108/14691930710715079

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2007, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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