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Central features of institutional change

William E. Halal (Professor of management at George Washington University, Washington DC. He is an active consultant, speaker, and author, focusing on emerging technologies, knowledge, strategy, and institutional change. For details see his web site at ∼ Halal)

On the Horizon

ISSN: 1074-8121

Article publication date: 1 March 2005




To examine and discuss the central features of institutional change and to compare it with organizational change.


Use interviews with managers to highlight key issues.


Results are presented of interviews with managers exploring changes that have for decades been transforming business, government, and other institutions into “organic” systems for the knowledge age. Institutional change differs from organizational change by focusing on the higher‐order unspoken social rules that govern the structure of institutions in common. The study evaluated trends driving this transformation, the obstacles blocking it, and the likely timetable of implementation.


Concludes that three central features mark the general direction of institutional evolution: “e‐organizations” operating in real time, “self‐organizing systems” of self‐managed teams, and “stakeholder collaboration” to unify diverse interests into a more powerful enterprise.



Halal, W.E. (2005), "Central features of institutional change", On the Horizon, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 11-19.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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