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Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in halal food purchasing

Syed Shah Alam (School of Business Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, National University of Malaysia, Darul Ehsan, Malaysia)
Nazura Mohamed Sayuti (Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Darul Ehsan, Malaysia)

International Journal of Commerce and Management

ISSN: 1056-9219

Article publication date: 15 March 2011




In this study, Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior is used as a theoretical framework with the aim of extending prior research examining halal food purchasing behavior in Malaysia.


Data are collected through self‐administered questionnaires. This paper uses multiple regression analysis to identify the factors affecting halal food purchasing behavior of Malaysian consumers.


The multiple regression analysis results indicate that all factors have positive and significant influence on halal food purchasing intention.

Research limitations/implications

Like other empirical studies, this study is not without its limitations. The sample size itself is relatively small. The study can be strengthened by increasing the sample size and including participants in other geographical areas. This study also considered only three antecedents of halal food purchasing among consumers in Malaysia. As Malaysia is actually trying to play for a bigger role in the halal industry, more research is needed to identify and address problematic aspects of consumption of halal food. Potential correlations between some of the independent variables (e.g. trust, moral obligation, habit, and self‐identity) need to be reported in a future study.


This study contributes to and extends our understanding of the halal food purchasing behavior, identifying the rationales for purchasing of halal foods. From a managerial viewpoint, the findings provide support for investment decisions and for decisions relating to the establishment of Malaysia as a halal hub that address and take the concerns and needs of businesses and Malaysian Government agencies into consideration.



Shah Alam, S. and Mohamed Sayuti, N. (2011), "Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in halal food purchasing", International Journal of Commerce and Management, Vol. 21 No. 1, pp. 8-20.



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Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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